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Summary Report: Research to Practice (r2p) In Construction: Science, Strategies & Partnerships to Advance Safety & Health, June 2015 – June 2019

This report includes a summary of discussions, information from related r2p initiatives, and examples of r2p pilot projects and new resources resulting from the r2p Seminars and Partnership Workshops held between June 2015 and June 2019.

Embedded Safety Communication System for Robust Hazard Perception of Individuals in Work Zones

This project developed an Embedded Safety Communication System to help workers in harsh construction environments sense hazards better than they do just through their innate abilities, such as vision and hearing.  Vibrating motors and sense of touch form the heart of this wearable system, and the study identified optimal spacing and configuration for motors embedded in the back of a waist belt worn by a worker.

Recent Trenching Fatalities: Causes and Ways to Reduce

Trenching is one of the most hazardous types of construction work.  An effort by OSHA in the early 2000s helped reduce the number of trench fatalities in construction from between 35 and 45 annually down to between 10 and 18 per year from 2011 to 2015.  In 2016, the number of trench fatalities rose to 33.

Moving research into practice to improve jobsite safety climate and safety outcomes: The Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL) training program

This report describes how a research team used the CPWR r2p Roadmap to develop multiple outreach activities for a new construction-specific training intervention — the Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL). Activities were highly successful in reaching key audiences, with approximately 70,000 construction foremen, lead workers and others participating in the FSL training; there were also thousands of downloads of FSL training materials and additional audiences, and industry sectors have used or adapted the FSL for their purposes.

Ergonomic Back Injury Risk Factors in Construction Glass and Glazing Work

Construction glass and glazing (CGG) workers have high rates of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). For this study, the researchers conducted interviews with CGG workers and worksite observations to identify problems leading to the higher rates of WRMSDs and to gather information about improvements that are needed to lower the risk for injury. CGG job tasks were classified in five categories, and ergonomic task-based estimates were done using the Posture, Activity, Tools, and Handling (PATH) method.

TRU-Net Noise Survey for Workers (Apprenticeship & Journey-level Trainees) Survey Results

This report details the CPWR worker noise survey that was conducted to learn about trainees’ awareness of noise hazards and hearing loss prevention practices, the types of related training provided, and barriers to use of controls and safer work practices.

The Role of Employee Tenure in Construction Injuries: The Tennessee Case

The inflated risk of injury for new employees in construction and other industries is well documented; however, less is known about the character and timing of those injuries.

Exploring Potential Methods to Evaluate Impact and Outcomes of Construction Safety and Health Research

This report provides recommendations for establishing Evaluation Panels to assess the r2p impact.  The information in this report is based on the Delphi literature review and the concept mapping project conducted in support of this study.  The literature review and concept mapping report are available below.

CPWR r2p Concept Mapping Report

This report details the methodology of concept mapping and how this approach can be used for a variety of purposes throughout different stages of planning, implementing, and evaluating projects.

Using Delphi Panels to Assess Construction Safety Research to Practice: A Narrative Review

The Delphi Method is a systematic procedure that is employed to achieve a reliable consensus among a selected panel of experts. This project’s purpose was to review relevant papers and research on Delphi Panels and their potential use in assessing whether construction safety and health research findings are being used by target audiences of workers and contractors to reduce injuries and illnesses (research to practice). A secondary objective of this review was to understand the parameters of panel selection, composition, and analysis.