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Effects of Selected Eyewear on the Noise Insertion Loss of Selected Earmuffs

Noise induced hearing loss is a major construction occupational hazard, and OSHA requires the use of hearing protection for workers exposed to hazardous noise levels. In construction, many loud tasks like drilling, cutting and grinding also require that workers don eye protection.

Connection between Lean Design/Construction and Construction Worker Safety

A growing number of building industry firms are adapting “lean production” principles, developed in the manufacturing sector, to engineering and construction – a trend accelerated by increased interest in Design-Build procurement methods and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) generally. How are lean production innovations affecting construction site safety?

Fall Protection Resources for New Home Construction

Falls from height remain the most common cause of construction worker fatalities, and falls continue to happen at an alarming rate – especially in residential construction. OSHA has recently imposed more stringent safety standards on the sector, but many residential construction contractors still have limited knowledge of the array of fall protection devices commercially available.

Use and Re-use of Formwork: Safety Risks and Reliability Assessment

Carpenters employed by concrete contractors spend much of their time assembling, erecting and dismantling the plywood forms for concrete pours, forms which are usually reused on subsequent projects. Researchers mapped out the work tasks involved, then used interviews with carpenters, as well as a review of OSHA case reports, to identify the work tasks entailing the highest risks. The team also tested plywood samples in the laboratory to test how well they retained strength after repeated use.

Mortality Among Sheet Metal Workers Participating in a Respiratory Screening Program

Researchers followed a cohort of 17,345 individuals with 20 or more years in the trade, identifying the cause of death in order to examine overall patterns of mortality as well as mortality due to work-related lung diseases including asbestosis, asbestos-related cancers, and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). Sheet metal workers in the sample proved to be at a significantly elevated risk of death from asbestosis, mesothelioma, and pleural cancer.

Airways Obstruction among Sheet Metal Workers Participating in a Respiratory Screening Program

More than 12 million Americans suffer from a form of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) such as bronchitis and emphysema. Most cases are associated with smoking, but occupational exposures are another important risk factor. Researchers examined detailed medical and work histories, as well as X-rays, for 3944 current and former Sheet Metal Workers whose work tasks were associated with exposure to respirable silica, asbestos, wood and cement dusts, fiberglass, paints and other established respiratory hazards.

The Impact of IIPP Policies on Statewide Injury Rates September 2014 in U.S. Construction

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) asserts that companies preparing Injury and Illness Prevention Programs (IIPPs) can dramatically reduce workplace injuries. A 2012 OSHA white paper estimated that employers adopting IIPPs experience a 15 to 35 percent drop in injuries, and that state policies mandating IIPPs would cut workplace injuries by 12 percent. Today dozens of U.S. states require companies to use IIPPs, offer discounted workers’ compensation premiums to companies with IIPPs, or both.

Safety Benefits of Mandatory OSHA 10 Hour Training

In the past decade, six U.S. States (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, New York, and Missouri) have passed laws requiring workers employed on publicly funded construction projects to receive a standard 10-hour OSHA-authorized hazard awareness training course prior to work. One state, Nevada, has mandated “OSHA-10” for all construction workers. The researcher investigates the effect of these laws on reported construction injury and fatality rates with a model that seeks to control for relative union density and the impact of the 2008-2009 recession. 

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